Do you eat like a pig?

Do you eat like a pig?

Todays learning: (WALT)


  • AfL - What do iving things do? 
  • identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat.

Design Technology

  • understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed


  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Lesson Activities / Tasks

  •  VIDEO: Do you eat like a pig?
  • Video Dialog
    • What do animals eat?

    • Well you may know cows and sheep eat grass - Animals that eat plants are called herbivores.

    • Animals that eat meat are called carnivores

    • Animals which eat both plants and meat are called Omnivores. Humans are omnivores so are pigs - so you could say we eat like a pig!

    • I'm sure you have learnt about how we must balance the plants (fruit and veg) and meat (protein) we eat along with other things such as carbohydrates (potatoes, rice pasta bread) milk and dairy products and food and drinks high in fat and / or sugar to make a balanced diet and keep us fit and healthy

    • Well other animals  are the same so farmers must make sure their pigs, cattle, sheep goats.....have a balanced diet too.

    • So in that respect we eat like all these animals too!!!!

    • Cows sheep and goats are specially adapted to eat grass as they have 4 stomachs.

    • They can survive on just grass but when we keep them to produce food we want them to be healthy and produce lots of food like milk and meat for us.

    • A modern dairy cow consuming grass alone would be like expecting an Olympic athlete to compete for a medal eating only lettuce with a few sprigs of broccoli

    • So while cows sheep and goats do eat a lot of grass especially in the summer when they are out in the fields

    • They do need other foods too to make sure they have all the proteins carbohydrates, fats vitamins and minerals that they need to keep them healthy and produce enough food for us.

    • Also in the winter grass does not grow very much so the cows, sheep and goats would not be able to produce us much food if they just relied on the grass in the fields in winter

    • So a farmer has to make sure that not only does he give his animals a balanced diet he has to make sure he has enough food for the whole year by storing some at harvest

    • Harvested crops must be stored correctly or they will rot and waste.

    • Grain may need drying

    • Grass can be stored either by drying it to make hay - like here

    • Or pickling it to make silage - like here

    • The silage is being wrapped in plastic to keep the air out and help the pickling process

    • So when it comes to feeding time for farm animals the farmer either feeds them food which has already been mixed in a special animal feed mill - like this pig food

    • Pig food typically contains cereal grains like wheat and barley for their carbohydrate content and soya beans for their protein content. Pig food does not usually contain protein from animal sources.

    • A farmer can mix animal food on his farm like here in this special animal food mixer wagon

    • This mixer wagon has a weigh on so the farmer can carefully measure the ingredients for the cattle's diet

    • Here is some silage being added (pickled grass) for the carbohydrates then he adds some cereal grains for the protein content

    • The cows 4 stomachs means they digest these better than other animals so can get enough protein from grains and grass.

    • Once mixed the food is fed to the cattle..... 

  • Complete relevant section of pupil work book

  • Do quiz for first section answers…


  • VIDEO 'Do you eat like a pig?'
  • PUPIL WORKBOOK: 'What goes in...'

Outcomes: (WILF)

  • Explain how we eat the same type of food as some animals.
  • Explain how just like us animals need a balanced diet if they are to be fit and healthy.

Teaching notes:


Last modified: Tuesday, 19 November 2013, 8:47 AM